Drug addiction is a chronic illness marked by obsessive, or compulsive, drug seeking and use despite negative effects and potentially long-lasting changes in the brain. The negative behaviors found in drug users may result from these changes in the brain. Usually, detoxification comes first in a therapy plan. It involves limiting withdrawal symptoms and removing a drug from the body. A treatment center would typically employ medication to lessen withdrawal symptoms in 80% of cases.
A person who is dependent on multiple substances will frequently require medication to ease the symptoms of withdrawal.
Following detoxification, counseling, and behavioral therapy are the most popular types of drug addiction treatment. Depending on the person's needs, therapy may be provided in a group, a family, or an individual setting. The initial phase of treatment is challenging, with the number of sessions progressively decreasing as symptoms get better. On the other hand, long-term rehabilitation interventions for addictive disorders have a proven track record of success. They place emphasis on maintaining drug-free status as well as resuming normal functions within professional, social, and family duties. Licensed residential facilities have a 24-hour care program that gives a secure living space, and provides any required medical help.